Social Security and your other pensions – GPO

Pensions generally do not reduce the amount of your Social Security but a pension based on earnings not covered by Social Security can do so.

The previously mentioned Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP) could affect the amount of your own Social Security retirement if you work for a federal, state or local government agency, a nonprofit organization or in another country and do not pay into Social Security.

What if you do not have enough Social Security covered employment to receive your own retirement benefit but you are eligible for Social Security benefits as a spouse or widow / widower? Then, if you will receive a pension from work not covered by Social Security, the Government Pension (GPO) will likely interest you.

Unlike the WEP, which involves a changed method of computing benefits, the Government Pension Offset (GPO) is a direct reduction of the SSA benefit amount as described on the SSA website, in part shown below. Some GPO exemptions apply. More about these exemptions are on the website.

From the website:

“If you receive a pension from a government job in which you did not pay Social Security taxes, some or all of your Social Security spouse’s, widow’s or widower’s benefit may be offset due to receipt of that pension. This offset is referred to as the Government Pension Offset, or GPO. 

The GPO will reduce the amount of your Social Security spouse’s, widow’s or widower’s benefits by two-thirds of the amount of your government pension. For example, if you receive a monthly civil service pension of $600, two-thirds of that, or $400, must be used to offset your Social Security spouse’s, widow’s or widower’s benefits. If you are eligible for a $500 spouse’s benefit, you will receive $100 per month from Social Security ($500 – $400 = $100).”  

Go here for more about the Government Pension Offset (GPO).

Just like the Windfall Elimination Provision, the Government Pension Offset is not new. Both date back to the Social Security Amendments of 1983, signed into law by President Reagan on April 20, 1983. Designed to resolve short-term funding problems faced at the time, that legislation made significant changes to the Social Security and Medicare programs.

GPO

 

From wife to widow

Q: My dad died this month at age 89 and is survived by his wife, my stepmother. She is in her 80’s and her Social Security amount is less than his. What does she need to do to get his Social Security benefits?

A: Before getting to this question, two points must be emphasized.

First, always contact Social Security when there is a death in the family. Call the national SSA toll-free number at 1-800-772-1213 (TTY 1-800-325-0778) or your local office. If additional benefits are payable, action can begin to start them and, if not, other information can be given.

Second, when eligible for SSA benefits on two records, such as your own retirement and as a widow or widower, you receive the higher benefit amount and not all of one plus all the other.

Since her Social Security amount is less than his, it is probable that her amount will increase to about what his had been.

If she now receives Social Security benefits as a spouse on her husband’s record, changing to a widow’s benefit will take place automatically once his death is reported to Social Security. This is because information about her is already part of his record, including evidence of marriage.

If not yet receiving benefits as a spouse, and therefore not yet connected to his record, she will need to complete an application for survivors benefits as his widow. This is easy to do and can be completed during a telephone or personal interview however she prefers. Evidence of their marriage and his death will be requested. All documents are returned to her.

In addition to increased ongoing benefits, she will probably be eligible for a one-time Social Security benefit of $255 to help towards funeral costs. This is arranged with the monthly survivors benefits.

Your dad would not be eligible to Social Security for the month of his death. Benefits for a month are paid in the following month. If received, these are usually returned to Treasury by the bank. However, she will be eligible for the widow’s benefit for the month of death.

More about Social Security survivors benefits is at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/survivors/.

 

Anniversary of Social Security payment date change

Payment Schedule 2015Today is the anniversary of the change to having several different Social Security payment dates throughout the month. All Social Security payments were issued on the third of the month until 1997. On June 11, 1997, the first Social Security benefits were issued based on birthdate.

Since payment date is always a popular topic, I have a link to the Social Security 2015 payment date schedule in the blogroll section of this post.

With several exceptions, since 1997 Social Security payment dates depend on the number holder’s (NH) date of birth. You are the NH if receiving Social Security on your own work record. If receiving based on the work of someone else, that person is the NH.

Therefore, if you receive Social Security retirement or disability through your own work, the payment date is based on your birth date. A child or spouse receiving benefits on your record will also have a payment date based on your birth date.

A couple can receive Social Security payment on different days if each person is receiving his or her own retirement benefit.

Social Security benefits are paid in the following month. This means the benefit for May is received in June.

 

A new way to replace your Medicare card online

ReplaceMedicareCard

Today a Social Security Administration press release announced that now you can replace your Medicare card through your personal my Social Security account.

In the release, Carolyn W. Colvin, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, announced that Medicare beneficiaries can now obtain a replacement card if they have lost, damaged, or simply need to replace it online using a my Social Security account.

I’m excited about this newest online feature to the agency’s my Social Security portal and the added convenience we’re providing Medicare beneficiaries,” Acting Commissioner Colvin said. “Any my Social Security account holder who misplaces their Medicare card will be able to request a replacement card using their online my Social Security account.”

With services for you whether already or not yet receiving Social Security benefits, my Social Security is a secure, online hub for doing business with Social Security that you personally control by pin and password.

Current Social Security beneficiaries can use it to manage their account. For example, you can change an address, adjust direct deposit, obtain a benefit verification letter, request a replacement SSA-1099, and now to replace a Medicare card.

People not yet receiving monthly benefits can verify their earnings and obtain estimates of future benefits by viewing their Social Security Statement.

Learn more about my Social Security at www.socialsecurity.gov/myaccount/. There you can read how to create your own account and learn how Social Security verifies and protects your identity when you do.

mySSA

When to report work for the annual earnings test

Q: I retired last year, started Social Security, and expect to work part-time this year on a fill-in basis. If I reach the retirement earning limit amount for the year, is it my responsibility to notify Social Security? Are benefits reduced for work immediately or resolved at years’ end. I am 63.

A: Yes, it is your responsibility to contact Social Security. Report your estimated earnings for the calendar year as soon as you think your earnings will exceed the annual limit for your age. You can provide updated estimates during the year as needed for changes up or down.

Providing an estimated earnings amount to Social Security is needed when you expect to earn more than your earnings limit amount during the calendar year. For example, at age 63 in 2015, you are under full retirement age (FRA) for the entire year and must provide an estimate if expected gross wage earnings will exceed $15,720. An estimate is not needed when annual earnings are expected to below the earnings limit.

Adjustments based on your estimated earnings will take place as soon as possible in order to avoid having you incorrectly paid. The usual suggestion to people expecting to earn over the annual limit for their age is to provide an estimate as accurate as possible, but to the high side.

Later, when you receive your W-2 form at the end of the year, report your actual earnings for the year directly to Social Security. Based on your actual earnings, final adjustments are made to either send you benefits due or to withhold those incorrectly paid.

A list of your various Social Security reporting responsibilities is in the booklet, What You Need to Know When You Get Retirement Or Survivors Benefits, available online. Work activity is a topic discussed over several pages of the booklet and an excerpt from page 17 includes:

“Your earnings estimate and your benefits

We adjusted your benefits this year based on the earnings you told us you expected to receive this year.

If other family members get benefits on your record, your earnings may affect the total family benefits. But, if you get benefits as a family member, your earnings affect only your benefits.”   

“Revising your earnings estimate

When you work, you should save your pay stubs. If during the year, you see your earnings will be different from what you estimated, you should call us to revise the estimate. This will help us pay you the correct amount of Social Security benefits.”  

More about working while receiving Social Security retirement or survivors benefits is here.

SSA Annual Statistical Supplement, 2014, available

The Social Security Annual Statistical Supplement, 2014, is available now.

Prepared annually since 1940, the Supplement is a major resource for data on our nation’s social insurance and welfare programs. The majority of the statistical tables present information about programs administered by the Social Security Administration—the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance program (OASDI), known collectively as Social Security, and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program.

In addition, data are presented on the major health care programs—Medicare and Medicaid—and social insurance programs, including workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance, temporary disability insurance, Black Lung benefits, and veterans’ benefits. The Supplement also includes program summaries and legislative histories that help users of the data understand these programs.

There is a wealth of useful information in the Supplement. View the Table of Contents and find the topics of interest to you.

Here are some tidbits from the Highlights and Trends section:

Social Security:

About 58.0 million persons received Social Security benefits for December 2013, an increase of 1,220,425 (2.2 percent) since December 2012. Seventy percent were retired workers and their spouses and children, 11 percent were survivors of deceased workers, and 19 percent were disabled workers and their spouses and children.

  • Seventy-three percent of the 37.9 million retired workers received reduced benefits because of entitlement prior to full retirement age. Relatively more women (75.4 percent) than men (70.3 percent) received reduced benefits.

Supplemental Security Income:

  • In December 2013, 8,363,477 persons received federally administered SSI payments—100,600 more than the previous year. Of the total, 2,107,524 (25.2 percent) were aged 65 or older; 4,934,272 (59.0 percent) were blind or disabled aged 18–64; and 1,321,681 (15.8 percent) were blind or disabled under age 18.

Medicare:

Number of enrollees in July 2013 (one or both of Parts A and B)   52.4 million

Aged                                     43.6 million

Disabled                                   8.8 million

Unemployment: Total payments, 2012    $42.6 billion

Workers Compensation: Benefit payments, 2012  $61.8 billion

Veterans’ Benefits:

Number of veterans with disability compensation or pension, 2013

Service-connected disability                     3,734,000

Nonservice-connected disability                   305,000

Poverty Data:

Percentage of population with income below poverty level, 2013

All ages                                                              14.5 percent

Children under age 18 living in families              19.5 percent

Persons aged 65 or older                                     9.5 percent

2014 Statistical Report

Average Social Security and SSI amounts in February 2015

For February 2015, following are three easily understood tables providing Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) information. These tables are online here.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a separate, low-income program for the aged over 65, disabled or blind children, and disabled or blind adults that is administered by the Social Security Administration. Since SSI is completely different from Social Security, a person meeting the individual rules for each could become eligible for both programs. Income from Social Security reduces SSI amounts.

Learn more about Social Security and SSI at www.socialsecurity.gov.

Table 1 shows the number of people, in thousands, receiving Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) divided by Social Security only, SSI only, and people receiving both.

The “notes” in table 1 explain the difference in total Social Security beneficiaries shown between table 1 and table 2.

2015-02 table 1

Table 2 shows Social Security benefit information for February 2015, separated by number of beneficiaries receiving specific types of benefits and the average dollar amount of those benefits. The number of beneficiaries is again shown in the thousands, with total benefits shown in the millions and average amounts in dollars.

Social Security was never intended to provide full retirement income and this table emphasizes that fact. In February 2015, the average SSA retirement benefit, for the retiree only and excluding any family benefits, was $1,331.44.

2015-02 table 2

Table 3 shows Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefit information for February 2015, separated by number of recipients receiving specific types of benefits and the average dollar amount of those benefits.  As above, the number of recipients are shown in the thousands, total benefits shown in the millions and average amounts in dollars.

In February 2015, the average SSI amount was $539.61. The 2015 maximum payable to an eligible individual is $733 per month. This maximum is reduced by other income, including Social Security benefits.

2015-02 table 3

These tables are online here.

Changing a child’s representative payee

Q: My ex-wife receives Social Security disability benefits for herself plus benefits for our daughter, for whom she has custody. Within the next few months, I will have custody and our daughter will live with me full-time.

Will Social Security start sending benefits for her to me or will they continue going to my ex-wife? Will the amount change when she is living with me?

A: A person receiving benefits on behalf of someone else is their representative payee. As a general guideline, the parent with legal custody is the preferred payee compared to a parent without custody but exceptions exist based on individual situations.

Changing the representative payee for your daughter, or anyone, is not automatic. You will need to request a change by completing an application to be the new payee for your daughter. This is not an online application so contact your Social Security office to do this. Expect to prove that you have custody and that your daughter is living with you.

A worker’s, in this case your ex-wife, own Social Security amount is based on his or her earnings history over many years. Benefits to a child or other family member do not change how much the worker receives for himself or herself.

Assuming you become your daughter’s representative payee, with her benefits sent in your care, the individual Social Security benefit of your ex-wife will not change although she would no longer receive the amount for your daughter.

The Social Security benefit amount for a child is based on the earnings record of the worker and will be the same wherever the child is living.

Representative payees are responsible for using Social Security benefits on behalf of the eligible person. As representative payee, you will have to report how funds for your daughter are used. Other responsibilities include reporting if your daughter is no longer living with you. Details are in the Guide for Representative Payees.

Social Security testimony before Congress

As reported in the February edition of the Social Security newsletter, Acting Commissioner of Social Security Carolyn W. Colvin testified twice before Congress during February.

On February 11, she testified about the financial status of the Social Security Disability Insurance Trust Fund before the Senate Budget Committee.

Ms. Colvin asked for the Senate’s support for the President’s Budget request, which will reallocate .9 percent of payroll tax revenue from the Old-Age and Survivors trust fund to the Disability Insurance (DI) trust fund for 5 years. This action will keep the DI trust fund adequately financed and able to pay full benefits until 2033.

On February 26, she testified before the U.S. House Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Sub-Committee.

The topic of the hearing was “The Vital Responsibility of Serving the Nation’s Aging and Disabled Communities.” Ms. Colvin stressed that SSA continues to meet the many challenges facing the agency, such as our hearings backlog and hiring administrative law judges. We also continue to strengthen our disability program through activities such as our continuing disability reviews and Supplemental Security Income redeterminations. These activities save billions of program dollars and protect the integrity of our programs.

Direct links to her testimony are here, within the Social Security Office of Legislative and Congressional Affairs website section. In addition to links to testimony by Social Security officials, the section has more about legislation of the 114th Congress with provisions affecting Social Security.

Earnings test not just for retirement benefits

Q: Do the Social Security earnings limits apply just to retirement? Do they apply if receiving widow’s benefits?

A: Yes, earnings limits apply for survivor benefits. The annual earnings test applies individually to everyone younger than their full retirement age (FRA) unless that person receives benefits due to their own disability. People of all ages receive Social Security and the earnings test applies to many of them.

For examples, if both members of a couple receive Social Security retirement, the earnings test applies separately to each until full retirement age. The earnings test also applies to a child, not disabled, receiving benefits through a parents record whether the parent is retired, disabled or deceased.

The earnings test does not apply to people receiving benefits because of their own disability but it does apply to non-disabled family members, including spouse and children, receiving benefits through the disabled person’s record.

Many young people receive Social Security benefits. Earnings test amounts are the same whether SSA retirement, survivors or disability is involved. Different amounts can be earned during the calendar year before benefits are reduced based on if the person is under full retirement age (FRA) the entire year, reaches FRA during the year, or is already FRA. The earnings test ends when you reach FRA.

Based on year of birth, full retirement age ranges from 65 to 67. Retirement FRA is 66 for people born in 1943 – 1954. Note that FRA’s for survivors benefits are different from retirement FRA’s.

Earnings test details are here.

Separate earning rules and work incentives apply if you receive Social Security due to your own disability. Contact Social Security before returning to work. General information is here.