Average Social Security and SSI amounts in February 2015

For February 2015, following are three easily understood tables providing Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) information. These tables are online here.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a separate, low-income program for the aged over 65, disabled or blind children, and disabled or blind adults that is administered by the Social Security Administration. Since SSI is completely different from Social Security, a person meeting the individual rules for each could become eligible for both programs. Income from Social Security reduces SSI amounts.

Learn more about Social Security and SSI at www.socialsecurity.gov.

Table 1 shows the number of people, in thousands, receiving Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) divided by Social Security only, SSI only, and people receiving both.

The “notes” in table 1 explain the difference in total Social Security beneficiaries shown between table 1 and table 2.

2015-02 table 1

Table 2 shows Social Security benefit information for February 2015, separated by number of beneficiaries receiving specific types of benefits and the average dollar amount of those benefits. The number of beneficiaries is again shown in the thousands, with total benefits shown in the millions and average amounts in dollars.

Social Security was never intended to provide full retirement income and this table emphasizes that fact. In February 2015, the average SSA retirement benefit, for the retiree only and excluding any family benefits, was $1,331.44.

2015-02 table 2

Table 3 shows Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefit information for February 2015, separated by number of recipients receiving specific types of benefits and the average dollar amount of those benefits.  As above, the number of recipients are shown in the thousands, total benefits shown in the millions and average amounts in dollars.

In February 2015, the average SSI amount was $539.61. The 2015 maximum payable to an eligible individual is $733 per month. This maximum is reduced by other income, including Social Security benefits.

2015-02 table 3

These tables are online here.

Changing a child’s representative payee

Q: My ex-wife receives Social Security disability benefits for herself plus benefits for our daughter, for whom she has custody. Within the next few months, I will have custody and our daughter will live with me full-time.

Will Social Security start sending benefits for her to me or will they continue going to my ex-wife? Will the amount change when she is living with me?

A: A person receiving benefits on behalf of someone else is their representative payee. As a general guideline, the parent with legal custody is the preferred payee compared to a parent without custody but exceptions exist based on individual situations.

Changing the representative payee for your daughter, or anyone, is not automatic. You will need to request a change by completing an application to be the new payee for your daughter. This is not an online application so contact your Social Security office to do this. Expect to prove that you have custody and that your daughter is living with you.

A worker’s, in this case your ex-wife, own Social Security amount is based on his or her earnings history over many years. Benefits to a child or other family member do not change how much the worker receives for himself or herself.

Assuming you become your daughter’s representative payee, with her benefits sent in your care, the individual Social Security benefit of your ex-wife will not change although she would no longer receive the amount for your daughter.

The Social Security benefit amount for a child is based on the earnings record of the worker and will be the same wherever the child is living.

Representative payees are responsible for using Social Security benefits on behalf of the eligible person. As representative payee, you will have to report how funds for your daughter are used. Other responsibilities include reporting if your daughter is no longer living with you. Details are in the Guide for Representative Payees.

Retirement amount not limited by marriage

Q: Is there a total amount of Social Security benefits payable to a couple?

A: No, although this is a popular myth.

There is no marriage penalty, limit or other reduction when each member of a couple is eligible for their own Social Security retirement. Amounts to each member of the couple are based on their personal work records and ages when starting retirement. Amounts received by husband or wife do not affect what the other receives. Each independently starts Social Security when best for them.

Go to the SSA Retirement Planner at www.socialsecurity.gov/planners/retire/ to estimate your personal benefit amount at different retirement ages.

Note that the above refers to when each member of the couple receives their own, individual, retirement. There can be a financial benefit to a married couple if both receive Social Security through one person’s work record instead of separately.

For example, this could be if one member of a couple had low career earnings and was eligible for spousal benefits as husband or wife instead of their own personal retirement. In this case, the amount of spousal benefits is limited because they are based on the earnings of the person with the higher career earnings and not their own work record.

More about spousal and other family benefits is at the SSA Retirement Planner in the “Already near retirement age” section or go directly here.

Earnings test not just for retirement benefits

Q: Do the Social Security earnings limits apply just to retirement? Do they apply if receiving widow’s benefits?

A: Yes, earnings limits apply for survivor benefits. The annual earnings test applies individually to everyone younger than their full retirement age (FRA) unless that person receives benefits due to their own disability. People of all ages receive Social Security and the earnings test applies to many of them.

For examples, if both members of a couple receive Social Security retirement, the earnings test applies separately to each until full retirement age. The earnings test also applies to a child, not disabled, receiving benefits through a parents record whether the parent is retired, disabled or deceased.

The earnings test does not apply to people receiving benefits because of their own disability but it does apply to non-disabled family members, including spouse and children, receiving benefits through the disabled person’s record.

Many young people receive Social Security benefits. Earnings test amounts are the same whether SSA retirement, survivors or disability is involved. Different amounts can be earned during the calendar year before benefits are reduced based on if the person is under full retirement age (FRA) the entire year, reaches FRA during the year, or is already FRA. The earnings test ends when you reach FRA.

Based on year of birth, full retirement age ranges from 65 to 67. Retirement FRA is 66 for people born in 1943 – 1954. Note that FRA’s for survivors benefits are different from retirement FRA’s.

Earnings test details are here.

Separate earning rules and work incentives apply if you receive Social Security due to your own disability. Contact Social Security before returning to work. General information is here.

America Saves Week 2015

America Saves Week, February 23 – 28, 2015, reminds us all to focus on the importance of saving and investing for the future. The Social Security Administration is one of many public and private organizations participating in America Saves Week.

Steps toward achieving financial goals include saving, investing and planning throughout an entire career.

What is the status of your savings? According to the America Saves Week website, www.americasavesweek.org/, you should assess your savings annually to make sure you are saving for all the right things and it provides several questions to help you do this.

Someday you will want to retire. Prepare for it. Now is the perfect time to examine your saving habits. Are you on track for a comfortable retirement?

Estimate your future SSA retirement amount with the Social Security online Retirement Estimator, one part of the SSA Retirement Planner. The Estimator connects to your actual work record to provide a personal estimate. You can change the default estimates for those more in tune with your actual plans.

Create a my Social Security account and view your Social Security Statement. Along with your Social Security earnings record, the Statement provides estimated retirement amounts plus family benefits should you become disabled or die. This information helps you arrange other parts of your financial planning.

Social Security personnel cannot assist with financial planning. Select your own helpers for this. Two websites to help you get started are www.mymoney.gov, the official U.S. government website dedicated to teaching Americans the basics of finances, and the Ballpark Estimator at www.choosetosave.org/ballpark, part of the American Savings Education Council program, which includes the Social Security Administration.

These sites, and others like them, are not just about savings for retirement. There are reasons to save for every stage of life.

To help your planning, here is a Test Your Savings Knowledge question from the American Saves Week website:

Q: About how much more do families with a savings plan save than those without such a plan?

A: According to one study, if family incomes are the same, those families with a plan save about twice as much as those who do not have one.

Should I file for early retirement to get benefits for my child?

Q: I am near age 62 and have a daughter, age 16. If I start Social Security retirement, can she receive benefits? Is doing this a good idea?

A: If you start Social Security retirement, at age 16 your daughter should be eligible to receive benefits through your record. Information about benefits to children is at www.socialsecurity.gov/pubs/EN-05-10085.pdf.

Deciding whether starting your retirement benefits at age 62 in order for her to be eligible is completely up to you. Are you ready to retire? Does this fit your overall retirement planning?

On the plus side, payment to a child or any other family member does not reduce your own amount. Your amount, based on earnings history and age when starting benefits, is the same whether or not other family members receive through your record. In this situation, your retirement plus a separate benefit for her would be payable. On the negative, starting your Social Security retirement at age 62 or anytime younger than full retirement age (FRA), for you age 66, gives you a permanently reduced benefit amount.

Estimate your own retirement amounts at the Retirement Planner section (www.socialsecurity.gov/retire2/) of the Social Security website. For the following example, assume that your full retirement age amount is $2,000 per month. Starting your benefits when first eligible at 62 reduces this to 75 percent giving you a monthly amount of $1,500. Future cost-of-living increases will increase this but the 25 percent reduction is permanent.

As the only eligible child, your daughter’s benefit amount is one-half of your full retirement amount, not one-half of your actual benefit amount, so she is eligible for $1,000 per month until age 18, perhaps longer if she is still in high school at age 18.

Ideally, you will be enjoying your retirement for many years. Based on your long-term financial plans, is it wise to choose a permanent twenty-five percent reduction in your SSA retirement in order to have your daughter receive benefits for a year or so? If considered as part of your individual retirement financial planning, either starting now or waiting could be good. The choice is yours.

 

Benefits from first spouse if no longer married to second

Q: I am married for the second time and receive my own Social Security retirement. My first husband and I were married for 18 years and he earned lots more money than I did. If I was single again, could I draw Social Security from my first husband? 

A: The answer to this question could go in several directions depending on the amount of the person’s own retirement, other benefits received, if the marriages ended by death or divorce, and other items. Without more information, this question cannot be answered.  

The Social Security website, www.socialsecurity.gov, is great for general information, retirement planning and online services, including online applications, but when you have a detailed question such as this one, speak to a SSA representative to discuss your options. Having the Social Security number of all parties involved would be useful. Call the SSA national toll-free number at 1-800-772-1213 (TTY 1-800-325-0778) (7:00am – 7:00pm) or your local office 

Based on age, a widow or widower can start receiving Social Security survivors benefits as early as age 60. Remarriage before age 60 prevents payment. Remarriage after age 60 (for age based benefits) will not affect eligibility to survivors benefits. If twice widowed, benefits might be payable through the work record of either deceased spouse or the person’s own retirement work record. 

Survivor benefits might also be payable to the divorced spouse of a deceased worker if the marriage had lasted 10 years or more. 

More about Social Security survivors benefits is here. 

The original question did not specify that the first husband had died. If the couple had divorced, benefits to her through his work record might be payable since they were married at least 10 years, if she was not married. Information about benefits for divorced spouses is here. 

If the second marriage continues, there is the potential for spousal benefits.

SSA Statements – in the mail or online

Last September the Social Security Administration announced the resumption of mailed Social Security Statements. The first ones went to people of specified ages having a December birthday.

Most people will not receive a mailed Statement every year. You will receive yours when reaching ages 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, and 60 if not receiving Social Security benefits and if not registered for a my Social Security account.

The Statement will arrive in the mail about 3 months before your birthday. After age 60, people will receive a Statement every year. The agency expects to send nearly 48 million Statements each year. 

The Statement is a great family financial planning tool at all ages up to retirement, especially for people with young families and years away from retirement. Social Security is more than retirement. The Statement includes estimates for disability and survivors benefits also. My post of October 20, 2014, discussed using the Statement to estimate family benefits and to check your work record for accuracy.

Information on the Statement is so important that it is far better to see yours more often than every five years. And you can. Online. Whenever you want.

Do so by creating your personal my Social Security account at www.socialsecurity.gov/myaccount/. View your own Statement online at least once a year or as often as you want. Doing this will help you plan for your Someday retirement and for your Today.

 

Is there still a Social Security funeral benefit?

Q: Does Social Security still pay a funeral benefit? A friend said that none was payable when his grandmother recently died.

A: You are referring to the Lump Sum Death Benefit (LSDP) and, yes, it still exists when specific requirements are met.  

The Lump Sum Death Benefit (LSDP) is a one-time payment of $255 to help offset funeral costs. While this is a small amount towards a funeral today, the payment dates back many years to when that amount covered a more significant portion of costs. 

The benefit is payable only on the record of someone with insured status, meaning she or he had enough work for benefits to be payable on their record. Even then, the LSDP is payable to a limited group. 

When the deceased had enough work, the LSDP can first be paid to the surviving spouse if they were living in the same household at time of death, although exceptions exist.

If no spouse survives, the LSDP can be paid to a child if he or she was eligible for benefits based on the work record of the deceased for the month of death. 

Lump Sum Death Benefit (LSDP) examples:

  1. The deceased was receiving her or his own SSA retirement and lived with their husband or wife. The surviving spouse can receive the Lump Sum Death Benefit (LSDP).
  2. The deceased was eligible for Social Security as a spouse or widow / widower but not eligible based on their own work record.  A LSDP is not payable.
  3. The deceased received their own SSA retirement, has no surviving spouse but did have an adult disabled child receiving through her or his record. The surviving child can receive the LSDP because they were already receiving benefits from the parent’s record.
  4. The deceased received their own SSA retirement, has no surviving spouse but has grown children, none of whom receives Social Security child benefits. A LSDP is not payable.  

The LSDP is separate from ongoing Social Security survivor benefits 

Always contact Social Security when there is a death in the family. The SSA representative can discuss potential benefits, whether for now or the future, be sure that ongoing benefits are properly ended and answer questions.

Reminder about 2015 Social Security & SSI payment dates

I posted the 2015 schedule of payment dates for Social Security and Supplemental Security income in September. As 2015 gets closer, I am getting many requests for the schedule so here it is again. The link is http://www.socialsecurity.gov/pubs/EN-05-10031-2015.pdf.

A link to the 2015 payment calendar is on my Areavoices homepage blogroll. 

With several exceptions, since 1997 Social Security payment dates are based on the number holder’s (NH) date of birth. You are the NH if receiving Social Security on your own work record. If receiving based on the work of someone else, that person is the NH.    

Therefore, if you receive Social Security retirement or disability through your own work, the payment date is based on your birth date. A child or spouse receiving benefits on your record will also have a payment date based on your birth date. 

 A couple can receive Social Security payment on different days if each person is receiving his or her own retirement benefit.   

Social Security benefits are generally paid on the second Wednesday if the number holder was born within the first 10 days of a month, the third Wednesday if born within the 11-20th days and on the fourth Wednesday if born within the 21-31st days.  

Not all Social Security payment dates are birth date based. If you received Social Security before May 1997, your payment date remained the third of the month. People eligible for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) generally receive SSI on the first and their Social Security on the third of the month.  

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) funds are usually paid on the first of a month. 

Regular payment dates for both Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are advanced if the usual date falls on a day when financial institutions such as banks or credit unions are closed so, for example, SSI payments for January 2015 will arrive on December 31, rather than on January 1. 

One more item about payments: routine Social Security retirement, disability and survivors benefits are paid in the following month, meaning benefits for January arrive in February. Routine Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments are for the month paid so SSI arriving in February is for February.