Q: I am a legal resident alien, working full-time and paying Social Security taxes on my earnings. Will I be able to receive Social Security benefits at retirement?
A: Yes, assuming you work long enough and meet all usual requirements. United States citizenship is not required to receive Social Security benefits. Your future retirement, or payment of any Social Security benefits through your work record, will be based largely on your work history, not citizenship. You will need to prove legal admittance into the country when applying for benefits.
Visitors to the United States can usually obtain a Social Security number (SSN) only if authorized to work by the Department of Homeland Security. Work authorization is routinely verified when a person applies for an original, name change correction or replacement card.
If you become a citizen in the future, contact Social Security to update your citizenship on your Social Security number record. This will make a future application for retirement benefits easier, especially if you use the online application because, since your record would show United States citizenship, legal admittance would not have to be established.
Learn the documents needed and print the Social Security number application at www.socialsecurity.gov/ssnumber/. Documents submitted must be originals certified by the issuing agency, such as Homeland Security, and are immediately returned. Self-made photocopies or notarized copies are not accepted.
To protect your personal information, SSN applications cannot be submitted electronically. No fees are involved for any SSN action. Protect yourself by going to the official Social Security website, www.socialsecurity.gov for SSN information.